Iodine crystals can be purchased in India through wholesale dealers, manufacturers, and suppliers. Indian suppliers deal with both domestic supply and exports. Though this trend of buying iodine crystals from suppliers/manufacturers/dealers remains predominant even in today’s digital world, the trend is slowly shifting to digital purchase and will see complete digitization in the next five years. Online platforms like Carbanio.com are helping to digitize the chemical industry and make the chemical sourcing easier, faster, and efficient.
If you are looking to purchase iodine crystals in India, Carbanio.com is the best online platform to consider. Buy iodine crystals at the best price at Carbanio.com, and get it delivered to your doorstep within the given timeframe. You can compare the iodine crystals price from one supplier to another and choose the one that works for you. We are sure that you’ll get the best iodine crystals price in India from top suppliers through Carbanio.
Iodine: Product Description
Iodine is the 53rd element on the periodic table and considered to be the heaviest of all the stable halogens. It appears as a lustrous, deep purple non-metallic solid at standard environmental conditions; however, it turns into a purple gas at 184 degrees Celsius. Iodine shows the properties of sublimation; sublimation is the process by which a solid does not melt, but turns into a gas directly. The resulting iodine vapor is violet in color and has a significant, pungent odor. This vapor when exposed to cold objects, such as iron bar, solidifies and turns into delicate, metallic crystals.
Iodine is sparingly soluble in water, but forms a purple solution with other lab reagents. Being a halogen, iodine is an active element but less active than fluorine, chlorine, and bromine. It forms compounds with the most common alkali metals, sodium and potassium, namely sodium iodide (NaI) and potassium iodide (KI) respectively. It also forms compound with other halogens such as iodine monobromide (IBr), iodine monochloride (ICl), and iodine pentafluoride (IF 5).
Discovery of iodine
Iodine was discovered by Bernard Courtois, a French chemist, in the year 1811. During the production of saltpeter using seaweed ash, he accidentally added more amount of sulfuric acid than the required amount. This led to production of violet colored vapors, which later condensed into dark crystals. He developed an immense curiosity for this newly developed element, and conducted various experiments to investigate its properties. Though, he discovered iodine in the year 1811, he announced the discovered element two year later in 1813; and named the element iodine.
Today iodine is easily available with your nearest chemical manufacturer/ supplier/ dealer. You can also buy iodine crystals or liquid iodine at online websites like Carbanio.com.
Occurrence in nature
Iodine is not very abundant in the Earth’s crust, or anywhere in the solar system. It is estimated that the Earth’s crust contains only about 0.3 to 0.5 parts per million iodine, and 0.0003 parts per million in seawater; it’s that rare. Iodine is required by the human body to make the thyroid hormones. These hormones regulate body’s metabolism and helps in various functions such as proper development of bone and brain during pregnancy and infancy.
It is prepared in laboratory using seaweed; which is washed with water to remove impurities such as potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, and sodium chloride. The washed seaweed is then heated with concentrated sulfuric acid and manganese dioxide, when deep purple iodine is liberated.
Iodine can also be prepared by heating sodium or potassium iodide with manganese dioxide and dilute sulfuric acid. Other iodine preparation methods include the extraction of potassium nitrate from saltpeter, wherein iodine can be obtained from the left-over liquor.
Uses of Iodine
- Used in antiseptics, germicides, and other medical applications
- Promotes thyroid health
- Reduces risk of goiter when taken in optimal amount
- Sometimes used for disinfecting water
- It is used to treat and prevent infections
- Optical polarizing films in liquid crystal displays (LCD) application
Uses of iodine crystals
Iodine crystals are quite popular for the wide range of applications it offers. Some of the uses of iodine crystals are:
- Used in synthesis of chemicals and polymers
- Used in the sanitation and cleaning compounds
- Pharmaceutical applications
- Used in the preparation of dyes and ink
- Used in the preparation of nylon fibers
- Used in producing photographic film
Iodine and human health
Iodine is an important chemical element that the human body requires to promote the functions of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland secretes a hormone called the thyroid hormone which in turn regulates the body’s functions such as basal metabolic rate, help regulate the long bone growth and neural maturation, affect protein synthesis, and increase the body’s sensitivity to catecholamines (such as adrenaline). Though iodine is required to help secrete this important thyroid hormone, it is not produced by the body. To ensure the body gets the required amount of iodine, it is supplied externally along with the food. Iodine containing food are not easily found in nature; hence, it is supplied along with iodized salt.
In case, the body is not supplied with enough iodine, the thyroid glands wouldn’t perform well and lead to a medical condition called goiter, wherein the thyroid gland enlarges and the person is often seen with a swollen neck.
Food that provide iodine
- Cod fish
- Iodized salt
- Tuna fish
- Dairy products like milk, cheese, yogurt
Interesting facts about iodine
- Iodine is used in some medical X-ray imaging as a contrasting agent
- It is used in operation theatres to disinfect the skin before surgery
- Liquid iodine is used in chemistry labs to detect starch
- Iodine-based biocide are popular
- Pregnant women need more iodine than the average person
- Too much iodine can be harmful, intake should in the prescribed dose as per the doctor
- Iodized salt has eliminated the widespread goiter deficiency
- Even animals can develop goiter, hence, iodine is important in animal feed
- Iodine was used to make the first photograph
Iodine: Global market trends
The global demand for iodine is growing at a considerable rate considering the wide range of applications it offers. The growing dependency of iodine for industrial application is increasing in the current situation and the market will not fade soon. The increasing number of individuals with iodine deficiency in countries like India, and incorporation of iodine in animal feed are some of the other factors that’ll boost the global iodine market.
Currently, Europe tops the other global countries in terms of revenue for the iodine market and it is expected to stay on the top until 2027. The iodine market in the Asia Pacific is expected to grow at CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 9.0% in terms of revenue by 2024. The Asia Pacific region alone is also expected to contribute about 25.9% to the global iodine market by the end 2024. It is predicted that Northern America will also share a major value of the global iodine market through this period.
Iodine market by end-use industry
The global iodine market can be distinguished with its uses in the particular industry. The industries that tops the list for production and consumption of iodine are:
- X-ray Contrast Media
- Feed Additives
- LED Polarizing Films
- Human Nutrition
- Others Industries (Disinfectants, Water Treatment, Cleaning solutions)
Iodine market by geography
- North America
- Latin America, Middle East and Africa
The top Iodine players in the world
- Sociedad Quimica Y Minerva de Chile S.A.
- ACF Minera
- Algorta Norte
- AZER YOD LLC
- COSAYACH Compania de Salitre y Yodo
- Godo Shigen Sangyo Co., Ltd.
- IOCHEM Corporation
- Iofina plc
- Ise Chemicals Corporation
- Kanto Natural Gas Development Co., Ltd.
The iodine market: India
The Indian iodine manufacture is mostly to cope up with the growing iodine deficiency in the country. The country also produces iodine for cattle feed and some industrial applications, and the market has been consistently high and expected to grow in the near future. Though the Indian iodine market is huge and growing, it is way behind other top players, such as Europe and North America, in terms of revenue and global share.
Key players in India for iodine manufacture
- Calibre Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
- Glide Chem Pvt. Ltd.
- Zen Chemicals
- Eskay Iodine Private Limited
- Iodine India Pharmaceuticals
- Salvi Chemical Industries Ltd.
- Infinium Pharmachem Pvt Ltd
- Samrat Pharmachem Limited
The digital transformation in the Indian chemical industry
India is investing in digitalization to increase the global access and strengthen the nation’s science and technology. With the strong focus to incorporate digitization in the chemical industry, the complete chemical sourcing is under a huge digital transformation. Already, chemical B2B platforms like Carbanio.com have revolutionized the chemical sourcing and procurement. Ordering chemicals is so much easy, all you have to do is look for the chemicals in Carbanio.com and place an order while making secured payments; the chemicals will be delivered to your doorsteps within the estimated time. Next time when you are frustrated over the entire process of searching the right chemical dealer/supplier, try Carbanio.com, we are sure you’ll not be disappointed. Let’s opt for digital platforms and contribute towards the development of digital India.